Europe is one of the richest regions in the world. And yet over 96 million people in the EU (roughly 22% of the total EU population) are at risk of poverty or social exclusion. For some households, even affording nutritious food can be a challenge, which can have serious health and social consequences. This is where ‘food banks’ step in. They collect surplus food and distribute it to people in need. But how is it that people in one of the richest regions on the planet need to rely on food banks?

COVID-19 has made the situation worse. The pandemic was initially described as the “Great Equaliser”, i.e. a situation that affected everyone equally. Reality, however, has shown the opposite to be the case; social inequality has actually grown in the wake of the pandemic. While the rich have become even richer, many Europeans do not even have enough for the most basic necessities. According to the European Food Banks Federation, demand for food aid across the EU has shot up during the pandemic (with demand almost doubling in the worst-affected countries).

What do our readers think? Members of the Debating Europe community have been discussing why we still need food banks in Europe. Some, like Catherine, lash out at migrants for the fact that European welfare institutions are overstretched. Others, like Scott, think that wage stagnation and gaps in our social welfare systems (with working people earning less than they need to survive) and a general increase in poverty are responsible, also pointing to the problem of food waste.

We took their discussion to Jacques Vandenschrik, President of the European Food Banks Federation (FEBA). FEBA is a network of more than 300 food banks in 29 European countries that aims to prevent food waste and reduce food insecurity. What did he think was the reason for the increased demand for food aid across Europe?

Food banks and those organisations running food banks do not want to exist. Unfortunately, it is society that perpetuates the condition in which food banks become more and more indispensable. We still need food banks because there is still a lot of hunger, and we still need food banks because there is still a lot of waste. Much of what food banks distribute is available to charities free of charge. Food banks recycle food that is perfectly edible and can be consumed with a high degree of safety, and that is why we are fighting against food waste.

Food banks are often actually logistical centres that recover food, store it, and then distribute it to charities, with the charities having direct contact with the recipients. In most countries, this is the case. In the Netherlands and Germany the food banks do have direct contact with the recipients, but in all other countries of the European Union there is no direct contact…

We are 335 food banks in Europe and we have more than 48,000 charities affiliated to food banks. If you look at the evolution of the situation from 2014 to 2019 (a period when there was a lot of migration), the percentage of people facing severe material deprivation has actually decreased. It was over 7%, now it is 5.6% of the total population. If you do the rough math, 5.6% of the population of the EU-27 countries is almost 30 million people.

We, as food banks, can help 12.8 million people with the enormous support of more than 48,000 charities. So, we don’t even reach half of the people who are materially severely disadvantaged. This means that these people cannot afford a balanced meal every other day. So, if you ask me why there are still food banks, I think the answer is obvious: because they are needed. And we would like to see a society without food banks and without charities, but it will take some time to get there.

For another perspective, we also asked Prof. Dr. Sabine Pfeiffer, a sociologist at the Friedrich-Alexander University Erlangen-Nuremberg, and author of a book on nutritional poverty in Germany. Why does she think we still need food banks in Europe?

I would say the reason is rather that we have had a decline in wages in relation to productivity growth for four decades. So, we have more and more poor people and, of course, there is a reason for that. It’s not that we have lower productivity – we have high productivity – but much more [of the income generated] goes to wealthier people, and no longer to the middle class. That is the reason why we have more poverty.

If more people come into a country without qualifications, of course that doesn’t improve the situation. It can make the situation worse for the people who are already living here and are poor. Of course, these two developments have something to do with each other, but the real reason lies in our history of falling wages.

Our reader Catherine is outraged that so many people in her home country, the UK, rely on food banks. She says: “We have a duty to keep our population alive without them having to queue with their children at food banks.” What do we need to do about food poverty in Europe?

What does our expert on food poverty in Germany, Prof. Dr. Sabine Pfeiffer, say to Catherine’s comment?

That is a big question. I would say that the first thing we need to do is to bring productivity development and wages back together. We need good skills for young people and we need higher wages so that older people don’t end up in poverty just because they retire, which is increasingly the case. And I think taking care of the population is something that politics should do. Politics should care about people and we shouldn’t need food subsidies. The fact that we need them in Europe, especially in countries like Germany where I come from – it’s shameful that we have to rely on food banks. We really need to get rid of this situation.

What do we need to do to end food poverty in Europe? We also put Catherine’s question to Jacques Vandenschrik. What does he think?

I think we could take inspiration from some experiences from outside Europe. For example, in South Africa, zero VAT was introduced on staple foods, which made food less expensive. We would hope that if this was done, the difference would not just turn into an extra profit margin for retailers, but that is of course a risk.

Increasing social benefits or the minimum wage seems obvious. But transforming food aid, as provided by food banks and their staff, into an increase in income would involve an enormous financial burden. I did a study on the situation in my home country, Belgium. In southern Belgium, 400,000 people live below the poverty line. If we gave all of them three euros every day (not even much money) to feed themselves or to help them feed themselves a little better, we would have used up the entire Belgian food aid budget within 10 days. That shows how valuable food aid is. But that’s only the economic part, now comes the more important part.

Many charities use food aid as a way to strengthen social cohesion. And this is an aspect that cannot be solved with a credit card or an increase in the amount of money available to people. They make sure that the beneficiaries can better manage their household expenses. They ensure that some of the food provided is given to the children. Food aid is a part of social assistance. It is not only about giving food, but also about love, about humanity, about care and friendship. And I think this is a very important aspect of food banks.

Why do we still need foodbanks in Europe? How can it be that so many people in one of the wealthiest parts of the world are dependent on food banks? What do we need to end food poverty in Europe? Let us know your thoughts and comments in the form below and we’ll take them to policymakers and experts for their reactions!

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17 comments Post a commentcomment

What do YOU think?

  1. avatar

    Well … if you don’t already know WHY there’s still poverty and hunger I’ld recommend doing some homework. Foodbanks are brilliant for now but no solution to the real problem

    • avatar
      EU Reform Proactive

      Dear Catherine,

      What to say? A too long a video to watch! I had to switch- after several minutes!

      His Excellency “the Archbishop of Ulpiana” Carlo Maria Vigan is no stranger to bravely fight internal Vatican battles, using Roman Catholic doctrines selectively, dabbling a bit with the rule of law of secular states (inheritance battle) and his spectacular belief in the many conspiracy theories.

      Apparently all under the umbrella of his perceived view what real R.C. holiness and R.C. biblical moral & ethics should be or not?

      I do not support to drag the church’s historical misdeeds & the many failures and hang them out to dry in public- but stick to the positives.

      We have enough scandals within our secular states to deal with! It would also be better that some Bishops would refrain condemning modern science & mixing in a bit of ancient religion.

      Being critical, I look at both sides of Caesars coin. It is a tedious task- with or without some R.C. Bishops influence.

  2. avatar
    catherine benning

    EU Reform Proactive:

    Where you are coming from is the old fable of, ‘you’ cannot speak out on manipulation, because your side also dwells in that immorality… This old onion is the barrier to progress and an ability to speak out at all.. Which is what the guy was trying to broach.. He decided to take a chance at the prospect of being cancelled and open up regardless.. And he dared to open up against those who wish to charge us with thought crime, having a voice and the ‘human right’ to select ones company on the basis of similarity.. I remember it being worded, the ‘Right of Association’.. No longer considered a ‘right’.. One now forced to associate amongst those one has no affinity with, relationship to, or desire to follow…. Or, as the Cardinal would say, dwell with the Devil…Which is a clear deviation from revelation of the sinister infiltration of what was once considered morality of thought and action.. Staying clear of those with dishonourable objectives was desirous of life and protection from the enemy… What this man has raised is not simply Italian conspiracy theory, it is the open step of Global hegemony toward world domination…. In other words, revelation of the absence of fear at being caught out….Look past the idea of what he may want to conceal toward what he wants to expose…. And for some reason, you appear to fear exposure of whatever section his video hit on that is not up your street to divulge… Which brings us to, his other human right named, Freedom of Speech. That I find an enigma coming from you…..I take it you have been vaccinated?

    • avatar
      EU Reform Proactive

      Hi Catherine,

      A very hot & misunderstood iron?

      In more modern times the separation of church & state (Bill of Rights) is a fact- no fable, nor an onion- but enables our governments to function “somehow” democratically.

      It protects any Church to impose (even veiled attempts) on any democratic State and any democratic State to impose on Church rule. Similar to the separation of power between the legislative/executive arm of governments & its judiciary.

      Of course, that includes everyone’s freedom to speak out- an enshrined HR- “Freedom of speech”. Goodness me, glad one can’t be burnt or hanged for heresy anymore! To insinuate opting FOR Covid-19 vaccination is tantamount to being a globalist supporter is political, science & common sense heresy. Please!

      “In England, the burning of heretics ended in 1612 with the death of Edward Wightman; the country’s last execution for heresy (by hanging) occurred in 1697.”


      The countries need of food banks has many reasons- but is a sign that governments & NGO’s still care about “social cohesion”. Realistically, assistance to the small % of “the poor” will never end or stop. Nor can one NEVER abolish richness.

      Mr. Jacques Vandenschrik quoted example of a solution: “South Africa, zero VAT was introduced on staple foods, which made it less expensive” (15% for ALL consumers)-
      even more concessions and grants given to the SA poor- like: older person’s rant (old age pension), Child support grant, Care dependency grant, Grant in aid (if you live on a social grant but need someone to take care of you), War veteran’s grant, Foster child grant, Disability grant & Covid-19 support (unemployed) grant (R350/m)- not generous enough? The outcome? How much less $ poverty?
      Besides- money encourages girls to have more children & other to buy alcohol, drugs & smuggled cigarettes etc. A solution?
      While a kleptocracy ANC majority government (with a most modern & advanced Constitution) loots & plunders the state coffers for self-enrichment. Enough please!

  3. avatar

    Why, seriously? Because we do not live in a static world. Things change in an instant whether through natural disasters, conflict, people making poor financial decisions… This is not rocket science. Wise decisions and discernment on how to distribute to those in need is a must but “the poor will always be among us”.

    • avatar
      catherine benning

      EU Reform

      I did reply to this a few days ago, but, it was not considered a notion the world should discuss or see. Sadly.

  4. avatar

    Because governments can choose to “wage war” against covid, spend hundreds of billiona in the process,but not apparently not to end hunger and honelessness.

  5. avatar

    Instead of thinking about war or sanction against Russia or Belarus , the EU should think more about all citizens and poor pensioners in the EU .

  6. avatar

    Ask this people wi hanger ,look Greece the reacher country in Europe.with only 10 m people,ant salary 450 e monthly the gestapo take everything.

  7. avatar

    A vaccin for everybody but food?

  8. avatar

    Direct result from EU’s policies (slaving to USAn political and economic interests).

  9. avatar

    Democracy does not work …

  10. avatar

    Because we teach how to beg much more than how to work…

  11. avatar

    On my opinion and my opinion only. The only reason in the first place 1. This government only is interested in making sure there pockets are lined with wealth by increasing taxes like N.I contributions,income tax , allowing 2 local councils around the country to constantly charge whatever they like in rents and council tax increases just so they can line there already wealthy pockets and build nice pretty statues and nice fancy fancy offices rather than build and properly maintain there housing stock. ( the elected government for not making sure the local councils making sure the money is spent where it should be) I e more housing to ease the homeless wandering our streets)
    3 and sorry I know this is going to upset a lot of people ( tough) the royal family) I’m sorry but do you ever believe you will see the queen or any other member of the royal family queuing at a food bank to feed them selves? ) never going to happen all thanks to the ridiculous amounts of money they receive all thanks to our taxes so a woman can and her family will always live in extreme wealth all thanks to the taxpayer all so a woman can stand on a balcony and wave at a few better off tourists who really think think they seve a purpose. The only reason the tories won’t introduce a windfall tax or increase taxes on the owners of these wealthy businesses like the energy companies, oil,gas, electric companies is they are usually the main sponsors of the Conservative election campaigns, so of course we wouldn’t want to upset the bosses now would we?
    Finally . My main point is all the money raised through taxes is there is no governing body to ensure the the taxes raised is being spent where it should be? Where in the year 20.22 and the numbers of homeless,people on benefits,pensions, and minmum wages relying on the generosity of others to feed themselves. The very thought of people living on the streets, queuing at food banks make me sick to the bottom of my stomach just sickening in this day and age

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