“In the event of independence, Scotland’s EU membership should be restored immediately”. This was a suggestion sent in from Jakob on the Conference on the Future of Europe platform. A similar idea was sent in by Jock. Given that Debating Europe wants to support the work of the Conference, we thought it might be fun to take Jakob and Jock’s idea and put it to a couple of experts for them to respond.

Scotland voted for Europe. When the people of Scotland voted to remain in the United Kingdom in the 2014 referendum on independence, they did so under the impression that remaining in the UK would mean remaining in the EU. Ultimately, though, Scotland was dragged out of the EU by Brexit, even though a majority of Scots (62%) voted Remain. This discrepancy is the justification for the recently-elected coalition of Scottish National Party (SNP) and Greens to seek another referendum on Scottish independence.

So far, Boris Johnson’s government in London hasn’t taken a clear position on whether it would agree to an independence referendum. If, however, Scotland were to embark on the road towards independence, should the EU welcome it with open arms? What precedent would that set for other independence movements around Europe? Could Scottish accession to the EU damage our relationship with the UK?

What do our readers think? We had a comment from Andrea arguing that Scotland should hold another independence referendum as soon as possible and take the UK’s place in the EU.

We put this comment to Kirsty Hughes, founder and director of the Scottish Centre for European Relations. Does she think an independent Scotland should join the EU?

I think there are several parts to this question. First of all, will there be another independence referendum? The Scottish National Party and the Greens, which are both pro-independence, got a clear majority in the recent elections. Therefore, I do think there is a mandate for a referendum, but it’s not one that Boris Johnson is necessarily recognizing. Yet, there may be a referendum within the next five years. At the moment, the opinion is 50/50, so we cannot be sure which side would win.

What has become clear is that the pro-independence vote is very much a pro-EU vote. There used to be a significant number of people who supported independence but had voted for leaving the EU back in 2016. And now, they seem to be a very small group. There is also a larger number of voters who wouldn’t support independence who voted leave. Before, they may have supported remain or leave, but the people who support independence today are pretty much pro-EU.

We put the same question to Erik Bergkvist, a Swedish Member of the European Parliament, who sits with the S&D group. Would he like Scotland to join the EU?

I regret that the UK left and I would like the UK to return to the EU. But if Scotland decides to leave the UK, and it’s done by the book, then I would welcome Scotland to the European Union if they would like to apply for membership.

Our next comment comes from Maskedman. He expects a complicated (and possibly even violent) split of Northern Ireland and Scotland from the UK.

For a reaction to this gloomy prediction, we spoke to Andreas Rahmatian, Professor of Law at the University of Glasgow. How should the EU respond in the event of a breakup of the United Kingdom?

The EU will most likely stay quiet on the internal issues of a state as it did during the Scottish independence referendum in 2014. This also applies to EU member states (Spain with regard to Catalonia). The UK has no written constitution and no regulations about a possible secession of Scotland from the rest of the UK. The treaty of the Acts of Union of 1707 which unified the Kingdoms of England and of Scotland and formed Great Britain is understood to allow both parties to leave, but there is no procedure how that would have to be done.

At the moment, England is less keen on maintaining the Union with Scotland as one would think: this is not an absurd idea if you look at the current governing branch of the Tory party to which Boris Johnson belongs. This group of Tories which is in power now does not care much about Scotland at all. Politically, if Scotland wants to leave, the current London Government is probably the best one they could possibly have for such a plan. Because for them England is really their political focus and Scotland is just seen as a financial burden. Ironically, the Tory party is meant to be the Conservative and Unionist Party but they are actually not unionist at all at the moment. This was still different under Theresa May because she was a more traditional Tory in this regard. But for Boris Johnson, Scotland is a side issue.

Importantly, Scotland must prepare a Scottish constitution if and when it becomes independent. This new constitution would also have to stipulate clearly the possibility for dual (Scottish-English) citizenship of English residents in Scotland. By doing so, it would prevent a lot of tensions and possibly unrest within Scotland if independence were to happen.

For another perspective, we asked MEP Erik Bergkvist the same question.

I think the EU is behaving correctly, by not interfering in internal processes of the United Kingdom. But an area where the EU shouldn’t stay silent is the internal market. If you want to be part of the internal market, it has to be borderless and Ireland is part of the internal market. I would say, the UK has created a problem with Northern Ireland. This was anticipated, we told the UK that by leaving the internal market, they are not making things easier for Northern Ireland. It is a fragile situation, which I hope will be solved peacefully, but we can see how explosive things still are.

Should an independent Scotland join the EU? How should the EU respond in the event of a breakup of the United Kingdom? Let us know your thoughts and comments in the form below and we’ll take them to policymakers and experts for their reactions!

Image Credits: Creative Commons (BY-SA 2.0) – John Allan

129 comments Post a commentcomment

What do YOU think?

  1. avatar

    Yet there is no such thing as an independent Scotland. The very act of raising this question in this forum is interference in British domestic affairs.

    • avatar

      Kovács János Although “I’m not happy that British left EU” (if I may say) I totaly agree with You

    • avatar

      Kovács János and you propose to held a few milion people toghether with you, by force!? Idi Amin, it’s that you?…

    • avatar

      Constantinescu Florin By force? :-) There was a referendum. Perhaps there will be another one in the future, but it is for them to decide, not You or me. There are rules. Why, do you think it would be democratic to repeat the referendum until a decision favorable to them is made? When the possibility becomes reality, the raised question will be interesting. But it is quite controversial, how the European federalist agenda is trying to interfere in internal matters of certain countries.

    • avatar

      Kovács János Interfering in British affairs? Oh don’t make us blush

    • avatar

      Kovács János. Hungarian opinion…

    • avatar

      Alvaro Branco said a spanish guy…

    • avatar

      Constantinescu Florin (and both Spain and Hungary are EU Member States… the UK is not, of course, but we are discussing suggestions from the EU’s Conference on the Future of Europe platform here)

    • avatar

      Constantinescu Florin. You have to review your geography lessons.

    • avatar


  2. avatar

    Why not Catalonia and Northern Italy too?

    • avatar

      Michał Szostało ✍️ absord ✍️ all ✍️ autonomous ✍️ regions. Galaxy brain idea to solve independence struggles

    • avatar

      Debating Europe I’m sorry, I don’t understand what you’ve written. You support separatist movements in the UK but not in Spain?

    • avatar

      We support debate on Europe and European issues, even on difficult questions (and we welcome different perspectives). And, as you say, there’s obviously a tension between those in the EU who would welcome an independent Scotland as a member state and those keen on discouraging European separatist movements. How would you resolve that tension?

    • avatar

      Debating Europe That’s a good question, but I am a Christian anarchist so… any answer I give would probably be unhelpful. :D Bravo for ackniwledging that there is a tension there, though.Honestly, I’m at the point where the EU can do whatever it likes… After the spectacle of a Dutch guy who supports euthanasia lecturing Orban on “European values”, it’s all black comedy now…

    • avatar

      Michał Szostało Scotland has been dragged out of the EU despite wanting to remain a member. It held a referendum within the framework of UK constitutional law in which staying in the EU was the key factor for deciding to stay in the UK. That factor is now moot. Conversely, Catalonia is WITHIN the EU. As such, under EU law, it has substantial protections even vis-a-vis the government of Spain and can enforce adherence to certain standards via supranational courts. Leaving Spain would also mean leaving the EU, and the efforts undertaken have not been within the framework of Spanish constitutional law.

    • avatar

      Oliver Hauss This is going to turn into a Monty Python dead parrot sketch, but yes, I’m aware that Catalonia is in the EU. So you support separatist movements, as long as they are not in the EU, or serve the purpose of EU expansion? This is all ridiculous any way you slice it. I don’t much care what Scotland does, I just hope that terrible lady running it doesn’t become a high ranking EU leader.

    • avatar

      Michał Szostało why not indeed

  3. avatar

    This matter concerns Scotland and the UK, as much as I would like them to remain in EU. In Portuguese we have a saying that says something like “Only who is inside the convent knows what goes on inside.” (Quem está no convento é que sabe o que lá vai dentro.) Anyway, if Scotland becomes independent, that would establish a dangerous precedent to other countries with separatist movements, despite it’s a decision for the UK to make.

  4. avatar

    Yes and with fast track procedures.

  5. avatar

    I don’t think Europe would accept a Scotland with such an abysmal deficit, and if it did, it would mean harsh austerity for Scots for ages. Bye bye good welfare state. Stop lying to people.

    • avatar
      Scott montagu

      Well said..👍

  6. avatar

    Always respect the will of the people wherever they are in EU or in the UK.

  7. avatar

    As a Scot I’m not opposed to home rule and in fact see it as a catalyst for change across the whole UK (most appealingly a fairer, less London-centric and more devolved parliament for England) but IMHO it would be a mistake to leave the UK, only to jump straight back into the EU. Not only would it be swapping one master for another, the EU itself hasn’t exactly been keen to offer clarity on what the accession process would be, or indeed even if it would be fast-tracked, despite having been a member for over 40 years. If a YES vote does happen, the best option for me would be to forge close ties with the British Commonwealth a la Canada, Australia and New Zealand, with an EEA/EFTA style deal with Europe, akin to Norway, Iceland and Switzerland.

  8. avatar

    YES! It’s really time for Europe to dilute its blind allegiance to the founding nation-states and to recognise its role as a safety net for the Europe of regions. And yes, Scotland should be first.

  9. avatar

    And yet, Scotland isnt independent !!! Does that mean then any small seperate state could then join ??

  10. avatar
    catherine benning

    Should an independent Scotland join the EU?

    Scotland is not independent and never will never be.

    • avatar

      Hear Hear.

    • avatar

      @Catherine Benning, so what are you or England going to do about it? Do you want a war? Do you want to fight the European Union?

    • avatar
      Glynn Reid

      There will be Civil War here in Scotland, if the SNP succeed in dragging us out of our best union.
      What people outwith here do not get to hear is that SNP policy has failed on every domestic policy. The only reason we’re not running around in the streets, setting things on fire and fighting each other for food, is that the SNP know that the British Government have sent billions of pounds here to prop up the failed experiment of devolution at Holyrood.
      Literally nothing works and we’re a pale shadow of what we were 20 years ago.
      What European Union states and people need to ask themselves is, do they want another debt ridden mess of a country who will be there only to rely on handouts, and when things don’t go their way or the money dries up, wasted on vanity projects, they get shouted at and abused as “anti Scottish”. That’s what they are doing to the UK government. That’s what they will do to the European Union.
      They blame everybody else for their failures; never themselves.

      I’m saying this once.

  11. avatar

    It is up to the people of Scotland, but I would say “yes”.

  12. avatar
    EU Reform Proactive

    Many thanks to the Friends of Europe/DE for inviting us to share some surreal humour!

    In the event of a.m. suggestion finding its way into the Loch, making it past the Nessie monster, surviving hypothermia plus the Scots with their frugal mentality- which obliges them to carefully scrutinize not to repeat the foolishness of the Scottish nobility in the 1700s to emulate the European Colonizers- but use their thriftiness instead & ask for a quotation how much the EU would charge for an eventual exit later on.

    Rather think twice to avoid an expensive Hopscotch to oblivion- driven initially by untamed EU euphoria.

  13. avatar

    Well the target of EU is to gather regions of Europe and destroy nations.. It s a federal approach of Europe. Not sure that citizens of Europe want it.. Organise a référendum then

  14. avatar

    Based on my life experience I think that the Russian president is right. Western countries only care for other countries if they can benefit something from them. The EU will not help Scotland unless they profit from them! It is all about money. Face it. There is no moral or ethics in this, but just money. Norway and Iceland do not want to join the EU, because they do not want to contribute to the European budget. It is all about money, money and money!

    • avatar
      catherine benning


      Scotland is a drain on the British economy and therefore the English tax payer as a whole. The European tax payer will have to pick up their huge welfare budget should they agree to absorb this unproductive group of individuals, because, for sure, Westminster will not continue with the nuclear sub base there should they make such an unwise decision as to be part of the EU. Plus, are the Scots aware that Europeans do not get anything like the universal health care of the NHS. That once they leave our care and attention toward them, they will need health insurance to top up what they presently get for free at the point of use? No more dental care, optical care, or, indeed, the kind of housing, schooling, disability allowances, unemployment benefits they presently love to receive in the billions. Not to mention the rush of African, Middle Easton and, in fact, entire world immigrants, will make a beeline to their shores to further pressure them out of the stretched resources they ‘may’ receive from the EU. (Ask Greece all about it) And, they will have to build a wall across the border to stop the gush of ‘Klingons’ trying to make it to London, that land of the Global shyte hole. The one the entire rest of the Western world is longing to procure. I don’t think. Look at France trying desperately to dump their charitable receivers onto the British tax payer as they don’t want to pay their money to feed them, any more than any other EU state does. The fools who signed up to the UN catastrophe need to be forced to contribute their full salary and homes to enforce this burden they placed on the rest of us.

      They need to do a full research chapter just to make sure they will not be rushing across the border themselves to escape the horror they feel compelled to vote for. Why the wee Krankie who leads them to their destruction wants in the EU is the personal money she and the idle husband feel is waiting for them to zoom in on.


  15. avatar

    I posted a comment here. Why is it not displayed?

  16. avatar

    I do not agree the return of UK for it has opted to leave when EU was in great trouble with the refugee influx. EU needs to consider its implication when accepting new members. Totally agree that an independent Scotland’s membership should be restored for it was dragged out of EU involuntarily.

  17. avatar

    The UK showed the European bureaucrats that the British politics will be made in London as it should be and now the EU asks should a region in the sovereign country become an independent state and join them? The unity of the UK will never be destroyed by some bureaucrats with absent political skills and compromised reputation.

  18. avatar

    It is up to the people of Scotland.

  19. avatar

    Is just sad to see the EU trying to undermine the unity of a country by fuelling a local proto-nacionalism that has been long gone in history. I do not believe Scots don’t feel themselves as being British and part of the UK and the Common Wealth. And I certainly don’t see them joinning an EU who wants to impose a gender nonsense agenda on their members through economic bullying

  20. avatar

    Yes. We need the nuclear arsenal of England

  21. avatar

    This is what EU wants. To destroy nation states to build Europe with régions..

  22. avatar

    It should be decided by their citizens.

  23. avatar

    That’s not EU’s business at all. The relationship between Scotland and the rest of the UK should affect anyone but Scotland and the UK.

  24. avatar

    After reading the comments, I came the conclusion that some individuals didn’t understand the question: “if an independent Scotland could joint the EU?”. The answer is yes!

    • avatar
      EU Reform Proactive

      Hi Manuel, “could” it be that you don’t know the difference between “could” and “should”?

    • avatar
      Glynn Reid

      The answer is no.
      From a Scot, existing in Scotland.
      Ignore us. We are nothing but trouble.

  25. avatar

    No. Very little time has passed since the 1st referendum. The result of the referendum should be respected for one generation.

  26. avatar
    Kristijan Krkač

    Yes, by all means, and sooner rather than later (criteria are open for negotiation). This will change the map of the UK (most probably Nothern Ireland, and Wales), but perhaps also the map of other EU member states (e.g. Spain and France will be in quite strange situations).

  27. avatar

    Up to the Scottish people ofcourse. If they gain independence.

  28. avatar

    I don’t recommend it. But if they don’t want to be free anymore, that’s their problem.

  29. avatar

    They probably should, but they won’t.

  30. avatar

    Is Scotland a country? If it is country, how can it not want to be independent? Otherwise, is it a colony of a stil existing but archaic imperial structure? So, an independent Scotland, should join the EU. And it would be a great!

    • avatar
      Glynn Reid

      Yes Scotland is a country. England, Wales and Northern Ireland are also countries but we live in a Union.
      The Union was formed in 1707 when the Scottish King James VI inherited the English throne and united the countries to become the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland (the names of two islands).
      Since then, literally everybody born here, is British by nationality.
      So, to answer your question, yes Scotland is a country but not a sovereign state. All we’ve ever known is being British. I consider myself British, so why would I want to be just Scottish? I wouldn’t. It’s like ripping the guts out of me and making me worse for no reason.
      Best analogy I can come up with is this. Would any former East German want to secede from the re-untied Germany to become East Germany again? I’m pretty sure the answer is no and for very similar reasons.

  31. avatar

    England will not allowed Scotland independent, because all ways through hundreds years of history, find the right persons in politic and pay to them enough money. So Scotland independence its not gone be a happen in our days. Apart from that – Yes, place to Scotland is in EU, like UK as well. I think in UK slowly start to feel and realize negative results from Brexit.

  32. avatar

    It’s up to the people of the United Kingdom to decide their future we can clearly and unequivocallly wish them the best

  33. avatar
    darren ross

    I doubt full EU membership is the short term realistic goal of the Scottish government if independence is achieved. The re-entry into the common market and customs union would come first.

    There are huge obstacles to overcome with regards to currency and the land border with England.

  34. avatar

    Of course, Scotland is a very peaceful place. There is no reason Scotland should allow the crazy and risky English government and politics to harm its peaceful coexistence and economic prosperity with the EU family, where the well being of Scotland lies.

    • avatar
      Glynn Reid

      Scotland’s scenery is peaceful. The people, very much, are not.
      From a Scot.

  35. avatar

    No, referendums results should be respected, that is what democracy is all about

  36. avatar
    Elsie McSelfie

    What majority? Less than18% of those entitled to vote blessed the SNP or their green chums with a first preference at the last elections (the council one, not the shortbread senate one).

  37. avatar
    Allan smith

    Lolz Scotland is part of the UK we voted to leave the corrupt sinking ship that is the EU

  38. avatar
    Andrew S

    The EU were clear – Scotland would have left the EU if they got independence in 2014, so anyone who voted for independence in 2014 was VOTE LEAVE, not pro-EU.

    This question is now farcical and obviously being discussed to help the SNP. It will be decades before Scotland can possibly qualify to join the EU even if the unwanted referendum occurs. Spiralling fiscal deficits, no currency, an excessive Current Account deficit, no central bank and several EU countries vehemently and publicly opposed to Scotland joining make this a waste of paper and time.

  39. avatar
    Peter Joseph Stabler

    The people that voted for independence previously did so because they knew it would take Scotland out of the European Union. They now have their wish. Why would they change their minds? One of the benefits of independence being outside the EU has now been achieved whilst still being part of the UK.

  40. avatar

    Where is the independence in joining the EU?
    Most people can see there is none!

  41. avatar

    “ When the people of Scotland voted to remain in the United Kingdom in the 2014 referendum on independence, they did so under the impression that remaining in the UK would mean remaining in the EU” totally incorrect , the Majority of the people did not have this in mind .

  42. avatar
    Alan Coupar

    1) EU won’t have us
    2) Scotland doesn’t want independence
    3) There won’t be a referendum anytime soon.

  43. avatar

    Scotland should not leave the UK , it will be disastrous, no currency, LOLR, central bank or control of interest rates , a hard border meaning tariffs on goods with our biggest trade partner , it will mean higher taxes and cuts to public spending probably both .

    Lets not forget a yes vote in 2014 meant no EU the EU old Scot Gov that .

    Finally is it not hypoctical leaving one union which is so much more valuable to Scotland to join another that is less valuable and in joining that other union will only increase costs for us all.

  44. avatar

    This is rubbish
    The cold facts are if Scotland had been stupid enough to leave GB in 2014
    We would have been OUT of the EU
    So snp would have “dragged” Scotland out of the Eu

  45. avatar

    No. And it should remain a part of the UK.

  46. avatar

    Where are we in EU with Catalunya? And where are we with Brexit? just a joke.

  47. avatar

    A yes vote in 2014 was the quickest way for Scotland to leave the EU. That’s a fact. Confirmed at the time by the EU’s commissioner Vivian Reding. Google it and see her letter to the Scottish Parliament on what leaving a member state would mean. Here it is (see second paragraph): https://archive2021.parliament.scot/S4_EuropeanandExternalRelationsCommittee/Inquiries/Letter_from_Viviane_Reding_Vice_President_of_the_European_Commission_dated_20_March_2014__pdf.pdfA no vote in 2014 did keep Scotland in the EU (as part of the UK’s membership), and we also knew a referendum on the UK’s membership was coming. Which it did, and as the UK we voted to leave.Scotland, England, Wales, and Northern Ireland didn’t get a ‘vote’, individuals across the UK did. Scotland doesn’t want another referendum, only obsessed nationalists do.

  48. avatar

    Based on the main argument made by nationalists? No.

  49. avatar

    Those that voted yes in 2014 voted to leave the as a consequence of Scottish independence. This was confirmed by the EU

  50. avatar

    Going from 59MPs to 6/7 MEP’s. Yet the main reason people are against the union is that Scotland can’t make its own choices?

    • avatar

      really 🤣🤦‍♂️

    • avatar

      yes. They complain about lack of say in the UK yet have way more representation than they would in the EU. Nothing to do with the Scottish Parliament.

    • avatar

      you miss the point 😂

    • avatar

      I’ve picked you up wrong bud !

    • avatar


    • avatar

      I’ve been arguing with so many nationalists today lol

    • avatar

      Scotland as it is couldn’t run a bath,so why would I vote for more of same

  51. avatar

    “they did so under the impression that remaining in the UK would mean remaining in the EU” opEd much?did you interview the majority of scots to have their opinion about that?Dunno why they would willingly join the eu’s growing authoritarianism.

    • avatar

      preach, the EU was very low on the list of reasons people wanted to remain with the UK.

    • avatar

      yeah i hope so. i hope scots were discussings the pros and cons of being not in the UK, since the ref was about that. not the EU..

  52. avatar

    No we didn’t. We voted to stay in the United Kingdom that was the Question. Thoes who voted yes to Independence also voted to leave the EU as the EU made it plain to Scotland that if it were Independent it would leave the EU. Snp using any old excuse for another Referendum

  53. avatar

    A – irrelevant Scotland said no B – impossible there is a process and no country can be fast tracked C – let’s all respect democracy and move on

  54. avatar

    The two referendums are completely seperate. I voted to stay in the UK for better or for worse. Would rather be in EU too but happier to remain in UK

  55. avatar

    We voted to stay in the UK. An independent Scotland would automatically leave the eu, if we were still within the eu.

  56. avatar

    Regardless of any outcome of any vote, the SNP will blame Westminster and demand another until they get thier way. Their last white paper is just like this one. The biggest piece of fiction since JK Rowling retired. If the 2014 referendum went thier way, it would have seen exit from the EU. Something they clearly wanted or didn’t care about. Now the UK is out if the EU, the SNP are saying its against the will of the Scottish people. It’s nothing more than petty grievance politics by a party with a very small axe to grind.

  57. avatar

    Scotland was not “dragged out of the EU”. Our first minister likes to play on words to suit her. We voted to stay in the UK. The UK voted as a whole nation for Brexit. End of. She needs to accept our decision and stop chasing her personal dreams and wasting our money.

  58. avatar

    Absolute utter garbage!!Both my wife and I were of a view to give the EU a last chance but the majorly of the UK voted to leave the EU.Democracy in action and I fully endorse that.Furthermore, had I not allowed optimism and my good nature to factor in my decision I might well have understood the capacity of the EU to perform skullduggery.Had I foreseen the behaviour of the EU and particularly Verhofstadt then I would have surely have voted to Leave!In 2014 when we decisively voted to Remain in the UK, the EU was not even a consideration for me!Nationalists waffling about their love of EU were ready enough to ditch it in 2014!! We all knew that a UK-wide referendum was due in 2016 and could go either way.The real question to ask is how many people in Scotland were swaying in their 2016 vote and opted for Remain thinking that a Remain win would give the SNP less to gripe about.Do not misappropriate votes on assumption.

  59. avatar
    JT HK

    Common people do not know what BREXIT really mean. They lack the knowledge on the global political economy. They have no knowledge on what an isolated UK means in this global era that BREXIT would leave the UK isolated from Europe. I had already made such comment that the UK would be relying heavily on the USA after BREXIT. To stir up chaos in Europe so as to maintain its dominance or importance in Europe by standing on the side of the US.

  60. avatar
    JT HK

    As EU is an union for collective security and prosperity of Europe, I cannot see why Scotland should not join the EU. I’d been to Scotland, it is very peaceful and beautiful. Its people are more friendly and bright. We could wander around the dark street safely and enjoy the night scenery. Not like England. I actually felt very insecure if I didn’t return the hotel in the late afternoon.

  61. avatar
    JT HK

    I had a glance on the pattern of the voting on BREXIT some years ago. I remembered that Scotland and London had voted to stay in the EU. I felt that the government had not explained clearly the pros and cons of leaving EU. Thus the general public had not acquired sufficient information to make such an important voting. As a matter of fact, the vote supporting BREXIT had not won overwhelmingly. There are almost 30% of the people failed to cast their vote. After the referendum, pro-EU people saw the danger and started to overthrow the first referendum. But it was too late. In my opinion, if Scotland has successfully become independent, its people would like to join the EU family. For peace and security of Europe, EU ought to welcome Scotland wholeheartedly. This is a global era and people are sharing the same fate as we were in the same boat. No one can survive alone.

  62. avatar

    Scotland did not “vote for Europe”! Europe is a geographical location. Maybe you mean the EU? Scotland did not vote to leave EU either. There wasn’t a vote on Scotland leaving the EU.

Your email will not be published

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.

Notify me of new comments. You can also subscribe without commenting.

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

By continuing to use this website, you consent to the use of cookies on your device as described in our Privacy Policy unless you have disabled them. You can change your cookie settings at any time but parts of our site will not function correctly without them.