For the past few decades, Europe has been growing ever-closer. Since the fifties, European states have decided to work together towards a political union, bringing with it a period of prosperity and peace. However, with Brexit, the EU now faces its first membership withdrawal, provoking a new period of uncertainty. Some see Brexit as the beginning of the end, while others see it as an opportunity to launch a United States of Europe.

This idea is nothing new. The notion of a European entity modelled off the United States was already discussed in the 19th century, and the term ‘United States of Europe’ was coined by Germany’s social democratic party in its 1925 Party Programme. Only last year, its party leader Martin Schulz was still calling for such a union. Similarly, in France, President Macron is pushing ahead with reforms meant to strengthen the EU. Yet, we are also simultaneously seeing the rise of elected officials whom explicitly reject the concept of an “ever closer union.” Some even call for the return to nation-states altogether.

What do our readers think? We received a comment from Antonio, who wishes to see the creation of a United States of Europe within the next 20 years. How realistic is this?

Will we ever have a United States of Europe? We asked Members of the European Parliament (MEPs) from all sides of the political spectrum to stake out their positions on this question, and it’s up to YOU to vote for the policies you favour. See what the different MEPs have to say, then vote at the bottom of this debate for the one you most agree with! Take part in the vote below and tell us who you support in the European Parliament!

Radical Left
Martina Anderson (GUE-NGL), Member of the European Parliament:

Well, I don’t believe in a United States of Europe, but there are many things that we need to improve in Europe: we need to improve public transparency and accountability; we need to tackle the double standards; we need to look at the way that social Europe has been sidelined, which is a shame; we need to look at how lobbyists have been able to influence policy developments in Europe; and we need to know that another Europe is possible.

But I don’t think that would be achieved if we were to go in the direction, as is suggested by Antonio, of a federal Europe. It needs to be a Europe that is made up of diversity and many member states that can tackle global challenges that we face at a European level. But, at a national level, national governments need to have the power to be able to deliver for their own citizens, the people who elected them, as opposed to being imposed a neoliberal model, which – when you look at what happened to Greece, what is happening in Catalonia with the double standards, and the ignoring of the annexation and colonization of the occupied territories of Palestine, and the annexation of Crimea – then you can see that there is a lot in Europe that needs to change, and I don’t think any of that can be achieved by the kind of Europe that is suggested by Antonio.

Greens
Rebecca Harms (Group of the Greens), Member of the European Parliament:

Liberal Democrats
Maite Pagazaurtundua (ALDE), Member of the European Parliament:

Centre Right
Roberta Metsola (EPP), Member of the European Parliament:

Conservatives
Jørn Dohrmann (ECR), Member of the European Parliament:

Eurosceptics
Gilles Lebreton (EFDD), Member of the European Parliament:

I hope that we will never have United States of Europe. This would be the end of national sovereignty, which is itself the bulwark of national identities. I am for a Europe of cooperation between sovereign states, not a European federal Leviathan.

Curious to know more about the United States of Europe? We’ve put together some facts and figures in the infographic below (click for a bigger version).

IMAGE CREDITS: C / Bigstock – francovolpato
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76 comments Post a commentcomment

What do YOU think?

    • Ivan

      Morning comrade, thanks for the mention.

      If you think just because we are leaving the pointless EU things will get easier for the antidemocratic fanatics in the EU you are in for a shock at the MEP elections next year..

      Your empire will fall just as every other lunatic ‘European’ dictatorship has fallen. Nazism, Fascism, Communism and now Europeanism, different flag but the same blind dogma.

      The British people have a history of fighting totalitarian dictatorships and Brussels is just the next target on our list to bring democracy to the world.

    • Leonardo

      So when do you elect your Queen? Or your lords? Btw how democractic is that the DUP with 0.7% of the votes has as many MPs as the Lib Dems with 7%?

    • Uli

      Ivan for you the EP seems to gain importance just if it fits your agenda.

    • Ivan

      Leonardo The Queen does not make our laws, the House of Lords do not make our laws but your unelected (0% voted for) European Politburo does make yours.

      Just like all other EU fanatics you either hate democracy or have no concept of what it actually means.

    • Uli

      Ivan just because you are unfamiliar with other forms of representations than your system, doesnt mean you need to shout “unelected” “undemocratic” “communist” everywhere. Gets boring

    • Ivan

      It really is very, very simple comrade.

      ‘Nobody’ was asked if they wanted your European Politburo or its rubber stamping department the European Parliament and the only vote on the EU’s European constitution was rejected by the French but enforced anyway which makes the EU antidemocratic and its unelected Politburo its Government, which is more in line with the USSR than Nazism but antidemocratic all the same.

      It only gets boring to you pro EU fanatics comrade because you know what’s coming and there is nothing you can do to stop it, for everyone else its reality as you are about to find out. :)

      https://www.economist.com/news/europe/21740256-fears-countrys-democracy-deepen-hungarys-illiberal-prime-minister-viktor-orban-wins

    • Uli

      there is no EU constitution

    • Uli

      @Ivan and just to add..i dont know in which world you live but when the constitution was rejected by dutch and french, it was not ratified. do you have alternative infos for me?

    • Michelle

      yeah if they behave like communists 1 million times then they should be called that 1 million times, once they stop behaving like a pack of commies.. there will be no need for anyone to repeat themselves

      have you ever thought how old stale and rancid your communism is after so many year

      Eu cannot live of old money and nepotism any more it has to head towards democracy and innovation

      But first out with the totalitarians once and for all!

    • Tarquin Farquhar

      @Uli
      You want to deprive Ivan of free speech? Dangerous!

    • Tarquin Farquhar

      @Leonardo
      Very few countries have been as stable, as democratic, as free and as long-standing as the UK.

      Why should we get rid of our Queen and end up like a typical Latin despotic republic or indeed the EU?

    • Kilian

      the British empire was built on dictatorship and the british and successive government is responsible for countless war crimes and genocides

    • Uli

      @Ivan about content sure but not about powers. the lisbon treaty actually weakened the power of the Commission. That should arouse you actually

    • Uli

      who is behaving like commies..please specifiy..the European Council, the Commission, the parliament, the nations that actually are in power. Im always not sure if you mix that on purpose or you dont know better…

    • Steven

      @Ivan that is probably the best joke I’ve ever heard in my entire life!

    • Dee

      D’Estaing is also on record as saying the treaty was deliberately made unreadable so governments could sell it better to their citizens…nothing to see here just another EU treaty,no need for a referendum so let’s ratify it

  1. Ha Enn

    Yes, but not within the next 10 years and not including all current members of the EU.

    • George

      corect!

  2. Marcello

    Why do we must to copy USA’s ethimology?

    • Dee

      Because it makes big business richer

    • Marcello

      I mean copying the naming style.

  3. Vasilis

    We must! Its gonna be either EU or wars, as it has been happening in the very recent past

  4. Eds

    I don’t know about a US of E but maybe blocs such as a Germanic Confederation or a Francophonic Alliance. Bit hard to have a Union when the differences are still too vast.

  5. catherine benning

    Will we ever have a United States of Europe?

    No, because it is a fraud. And because it is not in the European peoples knowledge of what this global project really is. And when they find out just what the aim of the globalists have in all of this secrecy, and understand the project in full, it will lead to civil war.

    Lets hope those who begin the fight back realise that ordinary citizens, in this deception, are completely ignorant. So when the flashpoint erupts, they start with those who are responsible for the end of European culture and civilisation and not with the innocents lost in the quagmire.

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JXm5hklbBsA&list=PLTsSCrgvx_f0YMho5GxrPe-hz_6DWnoDP

  6. Ludovina Margarido

    A Europa deve mantaer-se unida si, mas nunca numa versão à Americana! A Europa é o conjunto de nações que se juntaram pela paz… mas cada nação tem a sua história e as suas características! Devem juntar-se também como potência económica previlegiando o bem estar das pessoas, a livre circulação, o ambiente, a produção de energias limpas! temos todaos a ganhar! Este é o nosso MEP da Sustentabilidade que defende um Portugal sem medo e uma Europa sem medo! Eu confio nos seus argumentos e nas suas decisões! Carlos Zorrinho do grupo S&D! https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=788175907896885&set=a.536300576417754.1073741834.100001134490748&type=3&theater

  7. Achim

    I obviously am for a unified Europe. There’s no alternative.

    • Luca

      Who said this? God? Or the ones that take profit from this non democratical situation?

  8. Esther

    I don’t think so, Europe is so different from the USA. But we can work together.

    • Aldo

      I totally agree.

  9. Karin

    The United States of Europe are a vision related back to the 19 th century when pacifists stated an idea of everlasting peace in Europe. Funny enough I think Europe will end up united, although the EU seems to be drifting apart due to major mistakes: An united currency is the last step of gathering together, before you have to unify the retirement age, the average salary amount, the taxes, the corporate rules… The EU is having a lack fo ethical care for the loosers of the digital revolution. Answers ar more than needed. Nationalism and protectionism in combination with scam goats are the outcome of the failed leadership.

    • Bódis

      That’s the PR-story. In real life it’s about the acquisition of resources, markets and transport routes that are still in Europeand hands. It will be easy to convince one big central government of the “necessity of small government” and open up multibillion-euro markets, etc. The countries individually wouldn’t do that.

    • Karin

      Ambivalent what you mean by PR side… Inevitably the EU organizations are having the face of evil monsters, too, with stealing resources, markets, transportation routes, destroying existences, regional growth. This is the face of Neolieralism in the western & far eastern world. It comes down who is in the lead – or allowed by the big players to rule – history is so far repeating: If the level of suffering gets too high, heads will roll and changes will be made: So the elite is forced to assure positive balance for the “sheeple”.

    • Bódis

      We are moving towards a global slaving society where freedom means anyone can f*** just about anything while more and more of the value you create with your work ends up in the hands of globalist oligarchs, directly through products, services and employment and indirectly through state debt and state puchases. S0r0s is an agent in this process. >> See the role of Crassus in bringing down the Roman Republic.

  10. John Costigane

    A European Republic will restore full democratic rights to all Europeans. The current EU is anti-democratic since the popular will is absent from most of the decision making, relying on an unelected bureaucracy.

    Not only is democracy lacking but the crisis management system is defficient, judging by previous events. An elected President, with other democratic structures, has the mandate to react decisively. Look at the USA. President Trump has been quick to overturn the previous Democrat mismanagement. Europe deserves the same type of system.

  11. Thomas

    No we are are different countries with our own identities what’s good for Germany may not be good for ireland in fact we lost our fishing rights while the Spanish fish these waters how can that be good.

  12. Giuseppe

    È necessaria l’Europa Unita da ideali di pace, fratellanza, giustizia. Tuttavia ogni Paese deve mantenere le proprie peculiarità e diversità. Non deve esserci appiattimento e uniformità culturale.
    Ogni Paese procede con I suoi ritmi, in differenti ambiti, secondo le inclinazioni delle sue genti.
    I Paesi più virtuosi saranno un faro per quelli meno capaci senza però dover applicare loro penalità e sanzioni.

  13. April

    I’d literally take up arms to prevent it. There isn’t much tolerance let alone apatite in Ireland for a federal Europe.

    • Mark

      Well I don’t in anyway see myself as european. I’m Irish and that’s that and would not for one second would I ever agree to a federalist european superstate. What would be the point in fighting for independence and then signing it away. As you said and thankfully so there is no appetite in Ireland for such a move.

    • April

      Being in the EU is a handy trading arrangement. Beyond that I don’t consider myself in any way European. I don’t agree with a European army either. As far as I’m concerned someone from Spain is as foreign to me as someone from America or China. I dont agree with further European integration at all what so ever.

    • Dee

      We’d only be made vote again on it anyways

  14. April

    Regardless of how many of us support the EU as it stands

  15. EU Reform- Proactive

    In fact some EU VIP’s have already decided: “The EU MUST become a United States of Europe by 2025”! Really?

    One of them is German SPD leader Mr. M. Schulz. He proposes (demands) that “countries that do not adopt the (latest) treaty should be kicked out of the EU”!

    That’s the German way to build “unity”! A faint reminder of what happened on 12 March 1938- 80 years ago!

    Or- is he trying to fulfill Karl Marx’s prediction of a European “classless society”? Another German “ANSCHLUSS” but on European scale! Very frightening! That alone should trigger a polite thank you Mr. Schulz- but not your way!

    There are many other options to unite, cooperate & standardize than handing over ones sovereignty to a handful overzealous political racketeers!

    The latest love potion from Brussels- to induce eternal EU love- is free rail travel for the youth! Paid for by Mr. Juncker & Co from their salary?

    The search and debate is ongoing:
    http://debatepedia.idebate.org/en/index.php/Debate:_EU_federalism

    • EU Reform- Proactive

      “Free EU interrail pass”?

      I hope the EU youth understands clearly what’s behind Brussels political vote buying effort- by granting a “limited interrail pass”?

      However, nothing is for free. In return the EC expects staunch EU support. Today’s investment in an “EU supranational Youth Brigade”- tomorrow a ripe group of convinced political EU cadres!

      But let them enjoy their free travel & good luck- while the EU is so generous with our taxes. God only knows how long it will last.

      http://www.dw.com/en/eu-to-give-free-interrail-train-passes-to-30000-teens/a-42793625

  16. Josh

    I think the EU is too large and too diverse to be fairly represented by a federation. Look at the busted, inefficient, discordant American federal government. Do we want to run like that?

    However closer ties, such as for defense, seem less a matter of if than when. It’s not correct (or wise) to rely on America for defense anymore.

    • Zap

      this

  17. Mark

    Such a project would go down faster than the titanic did. I personally would hate such a thing to happen and i much prefer to be in a sovereign independent nation than a province in a european superstate. My national identity heritage and culture are too important to me. I welcome closer economic ties and closer ties as friendly nations in partnership with one another but not at the cost of our sovereignty that was fought for with great sacrifice.

  18. Bódis

    The United States made big business richer while compared to the level of GDP produced, the quality of life for everyone else is lower.

    Why should we be so dumb as to copy *that*?

    • Dee

      That’s why the corporations want a united states of Europe and are pushing for it

  19. Adrian

    If there is, Britain would be Puerto Rico. Not quite in but not quite out either.

  20. Franz M

    Basically we have United States as soon as the council is replaced by an elected chamber representing the nation states which works by a qualified majority and the parliament being the leading legislative entity. We should than also disuss which issues should be decided on the EU level and how they are financed (taxes) (but please use another name! It a evokes to be a copy of the USA which nobody wants. The first constitution should be open for discussion. Anyhow we can have a look what topics are treated on a federal level in the US and which are treated on a state level and of course if it works well that way or not.)

  21. Dario

    We are all european brothers and we need Europe so much! But Europe can’t replace our nations (and our people) with an empty feeling of none! We need EUROPEAN NATIONALISM, to make people feel what we were, what we are and what we mat be again! This is the only one optione to compete and bring back what Europe was! European nationalism!

  22. Yuri michaelski

    After the fall of communism….when asked what he thought of the EU Gorbachev replied…..Its the Soviet Union but under a different name. Says it all.

  23. Ralf

    A union of citizens is better than a union of states, but both are improvements on the basically intergovernmental EU we have.

  24. Alessandro

    We already have in some ways… this must be improved, renforced and well explained to eurosceptics… do not leave decision on our future to those manipulating masses…

  25. linda

    The question is whether we want to.

  26. ironworker

    Will we ever have a United States of Europe?

    Not under 2018 “management”.

  27. Paul X

    Considering the EU was formed off the back of rampant anti-US sentiments (particularly from the French), it’s is ironic for anyone to wish the future of the EU to be in any way similar

  28. peter

    Europe seems to have forgotten who it was, it did lead the world for a long time, until ww2 miltary competition and other nations like usa started to undermine it and weaken it.Europe needs to be united miltarily but independent as nations.This has always spurred the best competition between the various european nations.stop copying the Usa, they stole alot of our patents , ideas and experts and are only out for there own glories at the expense of Europe. The usa with its blinker miltary imperialism will become a promblem unless there are a few equal counterforces to them. Europe should get rid of usa bases out of Europe firstly. End Nato with its US control.. Then Europeans can lift there heads again as independent, but now there looking like lackeys of US Imperialism..

  29. Solutons 2nd edition

    In my opinion the European Union will never become the uniform state. The point is that the different nations have different moral standards.

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