ME&EU_featured_9How important is Christianity to European identity? In the Middle Ages, the continent was commonly labelled “Christendom” on maps produced in Europe. Even then, however, there were Muslims in Iberia, Catholics in the West, Orthodox Christians in the East, Jews living across Europe, and many in Northern Europe who had not yet converted (not to mention the Cathars and other movements considered heretical by the Church). The Protestant reformation complicated the picture even further, making it impossible to describe the continent as a united Christendom. Instead, maps started to refer to “Europe” as a geographic (rather than religious) entity.

Today, Christianity is shifting southwards. In 1910, 66% of Christians lived in Europe. In 2050, only 15% will be living in Europe, while 60% will live in Africa and Latin-America. Also, Europe today is even more diverse in terms of creeds and beliefs than ever before (and there is also much less stigma attached to atheism and agnosticism than there was in the past). Is it more accurate to say that Europe is ‘United in Diversity’?

What do our readers think? We had a comment sent in from Printo on our ‘Suggest a Debate’ page, arguing that Christianity is the basis of European civilisation. Is he right? Or are secular values (and the melting pot of different faiths and beliefs across European history) also central?

Is Europe a Christian continent? We asked Members of the European Parliament (MEPs) from all sides of the political spectrum to stake out their positions on this question, and it’s up to YOU to vote for the policies you favour. See what the different MEPs have to say, then vote at the bottom of this debate for the one you most agree with! Take part in the vote below and tell us who you support in the European Parliament!

Radical Left
Cornelia Ernst (GUE/NGL), Member of the European Parliament:

Greens
Bodil Valero (Group of the Greens), Member of the European Parliament:

valeroNo, it’s not. We are a multi-cultural continent and we have always been, really. I think it’s very important that we are not a ‘Christian’ continent, we are a continent where a lot of different people with diverse beliefs and ideas live.

Liberal Democrats
Gerben-Jan Gerbrandy (ALDE), Member of the European Parliament:

Centre Right
Tunne Kelam (EPP), Member of the European Parliament:

Conservatives
Daniel Dalton (ECR), Member of the European Parliament and Vice-Chair of the European Conservatives and Reformists Group:

Eurosceptics

Nigel Farage (EFDD), Member of the European Parliament (NOTE: We contacted EFDD MEPs for comment but they did not reply in time for publication. The below is from UKIP’s Christian manifesto written by Nigel Farage):

SFarage_populismadly, I think UKIP is the only major political party left in Britain that still cherishes our Judeo-Christian heritage… I believe other parties have deliberately marginalised our nation’s faith, whereas we take Christian values and traditions into consideration when making policies.

Curious to know more about Christianity in Europe? We’ve put together some facts and figures in the infographic below (click for a bigger version).
08-ME&EU-christian-continent

IMAGE CREDIT: CC / Flickr – Timothy Neesam


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274 comments Post a commentcomment

What do YOU think?

  1. Tiago Bartolomeu

    Dispite you (eu) fight that. Yes, becouse europe is not represented by elites and far-left moviments, but by the ordinari people.

    • Paulo Especial

      Without Christianity Europe would be what always was. A mixture of communities, peoples, options and cultures with it’s basis being the Romano Hellenic heritage, from which Christianity withdraw and modified elements to build it’s vision.

  2. Dionìs KC

    Just a correcture on the premise: Europe is not a continent. It is a group of people (and the land where these people live, of course). Eurasia is a continent.

  3. Dionìs KC

    Just a correcture on the premise: Europe is not a continent. It is a group of people (and it is also the area where these people live, of course). Eurasia is a continent.

    • Dionìs KC

      I don’t understand the connection of the thing with this metaphors at all. Do you think Europe is instead a continent and that the populations living in Europe have nothing relevant in common with each other?

    • James Thorne

      Europe is usually regarded as being a continent, the term is applied by convention, covering geopolitical/cultural ensembles. If we used strict definitions we’d have to talk about Eurasiafrica, and we’d be lost for most islands.

    • Dionìs KC

      We have the Eurasian tectonic plate, and then Europe and Asia aren’t united bu just a 60-100 km long strip of land (as Asia and Africa are at Suez).

    • Dionìs KC

      European people take so much for granted what they have in common, that they even forgot it is similarities of the people in that area which created the term Europe more than the existence of any European “continent” did.

  4. JD Blaha

    Europe is a place where Christianity was dominant for a longtime, but was never the only religion.

    • Bódis Kata

      Sure, but it fundamentally determined the culture.

    • JD Blaha

      sure, but what extra rights does ‘fundamentally’ give christians here?

  5. Alf Bme

    First, what makes a continent Christian? Because while claiming to be that, its inhabitants have not behaved accordingly ever. Populations are not defined by the scriptures they thump but by their culture. And that stands regardless of religion.

  6. Marian Rodu

    While Europe has a significant Christian cultural heritage and it should be acknowledged with both its positives and negatives, religion isn’t important for a civilized society anymore and it should never be again. It will only create division, hate and conflict as shown time and time again and that is what we don’t need in a diverse EU.

    • Edita Buržinskaitė

      I never thought I’d be defending religion but here I am, lol. Christianity is still important and must be maintained for the simple reason that it is the foundation of the European culture as it is today and with it weakening, we are giving way to Islam which is far more aggressive and given an inch, takes ten miles.

    • Marian Rodu

      The Foundation of European culture are the Greek and Roman cultures plus a lot of influences from the Celts, Slavs, and a plethora of other populations that have migrated here over the millennia. Technically speaking, the bedrock of our cultures is based on a variety of “PAGAN” religions.

      Also, the Renaissance happened once we rediscovered more of the the lost Roman and Greek books on law, philosophy, science and mathematics, not Christian religious books. And those were found because the Muslims translated them and preserved them. That says a lot about the importance or lack there of of Christianity.

      Christianity wasn’t all bad, it did help coagulate a very slim European identity based on religion and it did maintain order and civilization in some places, but not everywhere and plenty of times it ripped the tiny shreds of shared identity to wage war against people who thought differently than the main doctrine.

      What I am saying is that we should look more objectively on history and on Christianity. Many things shaped our history not just a few.

      This issue with Islam in Europe is somewhat exaggerated, but on the other hand Islam is not to blame for being too passive and tolerant of intolerable acts and demands and those will not be resolved by a return to petty religious conflicts, but by strict enforcement of the laws for everyone equally and without fear.

    • Marko Martinović

      Yes and Christians also rebeled against it, even with wars. Christians saved Christianity.

  7. Oliver Hauss

    Large parts of Europe were at least as long non-Christian as Christian since Christianity exists, and some quite a bit longer, so we should be careful generalizing.

  8. catherine benning

    Is Europe a Christian continent?

    Yes, of course it is. How else would we have the laws on Human Rights if it wasn’t? How would we have political correctness as a madness in our leadership if it wasn’t? Every inch of our lives and thoughts are the result of our adherence to the principles laid down by the Judeo/Christian ideology.

    And what is wrong with that?

    • Paulo Especial

      It’s not judeo/Christian it’s Romano/Hellenic.

    • JR Bogdan

      Big like for your comment. I couldn’t have said it better myself.

    • Dganan

      Our Roman/Hellenistic way of life has long been extinguished and only survives in books trough philosophy, literature, art, science. In a sense paganism was revived around 1700s and created a whole new set of problems. But reality is Christianity is what defines our family values and way of life. There have been many works done for God for ex Einstein, Newton were religious people trying to get closet to God. And interestingly enough the concept of one prime mover deity started to appear during Hellenistic Greece in Athens is found all over in Aristotle’s works that dominated pretty much the subsequent 2000 years and continues to do so. Thus in a sense paganism was dying even back then. Christianity brings a sense of unity and faith and cooperation that science does not. Is Europe Christian? Deff 100% Even atheists act in a Christian way.

    • catherine benning

      @ Paulo Especial

      Romano/Hellenic came centuries after the spread of Biblical Christianity.

      http://www.pewforum.org/2011/12/19/global-christianity-exec/

      And how it spread throughout Europe.

      http://www.medievalists.net/2015/07/how-christianity-came-to-europe/

      And Christianity is and of itself, definitely, Judeo/Christian. Judeo, because the Biblical Old Testament is the history of the Israelites or Jews and Christ (Jesus) was a Jew. Therefore, it was his history along with the belief of a Messiah for the enslaved people of Egypt, having been relieved by Moses and his Ten Commandments, which gave hope for a renewed Jewish State.The name given to the new philosophy, therefore, was taken from the given name to Jesus of Christ. The apostle Paul was the first to spread the ideology into Roman territory. The rest is there to read in the links, country by country.

  9. Helge Fjellbirkeland

    Continents are not religious, but Europe has a majority of Christiian population, protestants and catholic. Wrong question from the beginning. :-)

  10. Silvio Bosco

    What’s Christian?….ah these roots, you don’t have the time to discover them and they grow deeper and deeper

  11. Dimitris Orfanoudis

    You guys there in Brussels you are traitors thats why EU is not working anymore as a common.. Europe lost its values incouranged by the Brussels bereaucrats ..trying to turn europe a multiculturan a diversity continent for any atheist tht coming in seeking for asylum ..You better reconsider your ideas unless you are planning to change europe to the worse….

  12. Esteves Aida

    Gostava de assistir a este debate… precisa de muita reflexão e não dividir a humanidade por religiões, acho eu…

  13. Esteves Aida

    Gostava de assistir a este debate… precisa de muita reflexão e não dividir a humanidade por religiões, acho eu…

  14. Yorgis Ali Toufexis

    Please let me rephrase the question:
    In Europe, when a fellow human has no coat, while you have two coats, do you give your extra to her-him?
    Any other definition of “Christian” is fake.

    • Michael Paraskevas

      How many coats did you give? Now go pray to a pedophiles religion and stfu!

    • Graça Soares

      Christianity is NOT only about that….

    • Graça Soares

      Maybe you are confusing Christianity with Socialism…. Jesus said “To Cesar, what is from Cesar”… nothing else. Charity is part of Christianity, obviously, but not only. There other moral values, that must be respected if a person wants to call herself a Christian.. those morals include such things like… Being faithful to a husband/wife, dont EVER tolerate pedophily, dont EVER accept prostitution, and also, being active enough ti work and not being lazy, hoping for the others to help and give….

    • Yorgis Ali Toufexis

      I don’t claim to know the New Testament well, but I have read through it a couple of times, and through perts of it many times. I don’t remember seeing any of the principles you describe, aside from very obvious principles such as not violating other people, especially not minors.
      The work vs. laziness idea was introduced by Luther and his followers. Unless you mean that feudal lords did not want their slaves to be “lazy” and work less than 16 hours/day.

  15. Helena Corte-Real

    It is…But, make no mistakes, Christianism will fall in a few years and islamism will win the “race”…

    • Mario Ghezzi

      se l’Islam vincesse, sarebbe peggio per tutti, soprattutto per le donne …

  16. Alex Tselentis

    Overall yes it is, in this day and age what does it matter ?? Its more about CUSTOMS/VALUES many entering Europe enter with their own customs/values, which at times cause conflict.

  17. Bódis Kata

    European civilisation and culture are rooted in Christianity.

    Christianity gave rise to reformation, reformation resulted in religious tolerance and humanism, the humanist movements developed into liberalism.
    The original definition of human rights are based on basic Christian values.

  18. Любомир Иванчев

    No. Europe is a secular continent with a rich christian tradition. Europe today isn’t defined by christianity, but by it’s humanitarian, liberal, democratic, secular values. And this is as it should be.

  19. Barbara Szela Lesniak

    Hahaha! Muslims, when they are majority in Europe – and that’s coming, are not going to ask you such stupid questions.

  20. Vítor Cantinho

    Do not put a mark on Christianity.

  21. Sebastiano Schavoir

    Christian more than any other religion, so yes, in a very obvious way. However, are we truly Christian anymore, thats another question.

    • Romain Demoustiez

      we aren’t a Christian continent. We have a Christian legacy, but we are secular…

  22. Dionìs KC

    European people take so much for granted what they have in common, that they even forgot it is similarities of the people in that area which make the term Europe exist, more than the existence of any European “continent”. Just in case, I am making a cultural consideration here, not a political/European Union one.

  23. Isabel Faria

    More than a religious issue it is a matter of values and which values we wish to defend and keep in our societies (and yes, these are, so far, based on Christian values) EU countries do not have a State religion (except for Greece). The Constitutions have to be respected …and they are not – many/most EU states ate scared and opt for the politically correct. They intend to show respect for cultural and religious features of some communities which are clearly against their own Constitution. This is, for me, a major issue… the current lack of coherence and vision.

    • Giorgos Zagalikis

      It’s not only Greece actually England, Malta, Bulgaria are also

    • lile lys

      Greece have not a state religion, in the sence of state ministry. Religions, are to people what the OS is for the computers. The Christians, despite their political or religious leaders conflicts, are compatibile between them and capable in living as a collaborating comunity. At least the Orthodox church describes its mission as blessing (teaching the good knowledge through Art) to people and sanctifying (making inviolable through Rite) the persons.

  24. David Coughlan

    Religion is nonsense and dangerous. Get rid of it. I stopped having an invisible friend when I was 6.

  25. Riccardo Tognettini

    Of course Europe has been shaped by Christianity. In its Catholic, Protestant and Orthodox variations, Christian faith has been central to all European countries for centuries.

  26. Riccardo Tognettini

    Whether currently it still is, that’s a good question. However Christian philosophy also had an important part on th developed Kent of Western values and political philosophy. (Yes, I know full well about the Inquisition, the treatment of heretics, women etc. I am talking about the idea of ‘person’ developed in Christian philosophy which was then picked up by liberalism, the Enlightenment and so on).

  27. Vitaliy Markov

    No, Christianity and Islam don’t have a place in modern humanist European society. It should be left in history books.

  28. Panos Nikoletopoulos

    I personally prefer the Beatles but surely it is not a religious continent at this time. Now if our culture retreats we will fall back.

  29. Bruno J. De Cordier

    No longer its northwestern parts. The thing is though, that it came at a point where either it re-Christianizes, or it Islamizes. Europe or, at least, Northwestern Europe, voluntarily rid itself of Christianity as a key element of its identity and cultural defense. Not to return to Celtic and Germanic paganism (which objectively would have made sense somehow), but to replace it by a cult of consumerist nihilism, emasculated hedonism and abstract liberal non-values. This, among others, is why it is becoming quasi-defenseless against Islam (the tenacity and vitality of which I admire, frankly). Other than that, Protestantism has out-served its historical purpose, while Catholicism shot itself in both knees by capitulating on all fronts since the ecumenical council of 1962-65. This makes Orthodoxy the true bearer of Christian Tradition in Europe.

  30. Jude De Froissard

    It was …now it inherited christian culture..and has civilisation based on christianity…like it or not.

  31. Duarte HP Borges

    Not exclusively of course, but yes, definitely so for hundreds of the years and so it will remain. Predominantly Christian.

  32. John Marcogliese

    Europe is destroying itself by denying its christian roots. The leftists are to europe what the skeptics who destroyed greek civilization.

    • John Marcogliese

      No Christianity incorporated it. That is why it jas survived.

  33. Mariana Giozova

    Yea Europe is christian continent. Some liberals try to deny christianity. But attention please if we are so tolerant to muslims, muslims are not tolerant to us.

    • Tina Lythe

      Grow up Christianity is just as bad bunch of hypocrites

    • Barbara Szela Lesniak

      Tina Lythe it looks like it’s you who should open the eyes to see the reality, read some good books and then grow up, at last.

  34. John Wilson

    Surely if there i a god she would hold a referendum on which religion she wants us to follow and then we will be as one. God has had a habit of keeping quiet on these issues which is a tad annoying as people seem to enjoy killing each other over the confusion

  35. GianRita Cariboni

    There are still in Europe people killing people in the name of religion or fighting against other’s people values. Guess who are they….

  36. Edgars Ozolins

    I DEMAND CRUSADE !!! kill all nonbelivers , lets see what those week shits gonna do when inqusition starts !!!!

  37. Philip Reese

    PAst reference yes…but not really. Impossible to follow habits/cultures from 2000+ years ago…and Western Europe was the only country to transit from deep religious believes to mild ones, but followed by new behaviours, Rationalism, Enlightenment, etc…that gave many liberals (as they believe everybody are equal) the idea that everybody wants the same.

  38. Philip Reese

    As past reference yes, so it is in our blood…but not really. Impossible to follow habits/cultures from 2000+ years ago and all the crimes we did and rebelled against…Western Europe was the only part of a continent to transit from deep religious believes/ideologies to mild tolerant ideologies, but followed by new behaviours, Rationalism, Enlightenment, the reason we are different from the Eastern Europeans (the ones with Ortodox church, Greece, Serbia, Ukraine, Russia, etc with a tendency for STRONG MACHO culture/ideology,) and other continents with different solutions (some probably better) etc…that gave many liberals (as they believe everybody are equal) the idea that everybody wants the same. Catholic countries in the South of Europe are now the ones practising religion the least and more liberals. It took time, still very eager. Sexual politics in Europe are problematic.

  39. Nicholas Farrugia

    Europe is a free continent. Let’s keep it that way. There are Christians, Atheists, Buddhists, Hindu, Jewish, Pagans, Pastafarians ….. no problem … all can co-exist. JUST ….. there is no place for islamism. Europe cannot afford to allow a force that’s been trying to submit everyone for over 1400 years.

  40. Alex Lexva

    It was, there are too militant atheists and airheads to call that anymore, unfortunately

  41. Akis Muto

    It depends on the viewpoint. Personaly i would consider crusades and force conversion as christian values and the european culture as greco-roman based values

    • Wlodzimierz Gontarz

      You know the first crusade happend over 300 years after Islam killed or kicked out all Christians from middle East, north Africa, and most parts of Spain… I would not call it quick reaction.

    • Cristina Borges

      Actually the first crusade was in 1095 and there were muslins in Spain until 1492…

    • Riccardo Tognettini

      Amid, your personal beliefs are wrong. Europe is as much Christian as it is Greco-Roman.

    • Marios Tsamandouras

      I nostri avi communi sono in forte disacordo, inoltre sento ridere Mercurio da lontano. 😉

    • Ermete Trismegisto

      Ovviamente la questione è molto più complessa, ma non riconoscere l’importanza del cristianesimo nello sviluppo della cultura europea è da folli. Saluti neoplatonici ;)

  42. Justinas Stankūnas

    pagans were beating your ass since the 9th century and the only reason to convert was so the crusaders would fuck off

  43. Justinas Stankūnas

    only for angry religious people, racists who assume everyone with a darker skin is a muslim, and fans of failed empires who got beat by pagan tribes over and over again

    • Justinas Stankūnas

      christianity and islam have this problem of being used as political tools to restrict personal freedom under disguises such as “christian values”

    • Justinas Stankūnas

      same as christianity was used as a justification for raiding and plundering by the crusaders, and even after converting to christianity some regions still had to fight against their aggression.

  44. カメニャク マリオ

    No, it’s a secular continent. SOme people are however trying to undermine that, namely both any actual extremist muslim migrants and the european right.

  45. Γεώργιος Παλαιός

    Yes, Europe is a christian continent. Of course the new world of order want to turn it into an islamic one and we have seen how much it damaged the countries that accepted Islam with open legs…I meeeean, hands. At least with christianity at this century we didn’t have rapings, riots, robberies, murders etc in daily basis. And this is what makes it different from Islam.

    And for the record I am agnostic. I’m not fan of christianity but at least I prefer it over Islam.

    • Tina Lythe

      Complete rubbish it’s been a mixture of faiths and I’m an aethiest

    • Γεώργιος Παλαιός

      By atheist you mean Islam supporter/apologist and christian ity hater? Cuz that’s what most self-proclaimed atheists are.

      And please enlight me how is my post “complete rubbish”.

    • Alex Favros

      Giorgos your comment is rubbish. Atheist means no beleif in any religion. Read a propper book and not the bible garbage!

  46. Luca

    It is a very Christian continent as far as values are concerned. The welfare state is an outcome of Christian values of solidarity. Christianity and lay Illuminism are arguably the two pillars of European values.

    Strictly speaking, it’s a lay continent with a Christian majority.

    Historically speaking, it’s a pagan continent. All Abrahamic religions are Middle-Eastern, while all European religions are politheistic.

  47. Wendy Harris

    As an atheist, I see Jesus as a philosopher and a reformer of the religion of the day. He reinterpreted the teachings of the Abrahamic god who was a bloodthirsty egotistical megalomaniac and taught about love and forgiveness and peace instead. It is his teachings that have formed western values and it doesn’t matter if you believe he was the son of god or not. If you think “turn the other cheek” is a better philosophy than an “eye for an eye” then you have been influenced by Jesus. Western tolerance is part of his teaching, yet ironically Jesus himself would not have tolerated any cult that condoned stoning (for example).
    Christianity is on the wane but the values of Jesus remain a strong influence. As philosophers go he is equally, if not more, influential than Aristotle who, like Jesus, sought to convey the idea of a “common good” to the people.

    • Wlodzimierz Gontarz

      I guess St Paul was the first in any religion saying in his writing that love is greater than faith or hope…

    • lile lys

      As to make even stronger the New Testament precept Αγαπάτε Αλλήλους, which is the core of the Christian idea (love one another).

  48. Nikos Pulianiths

    Jews, Muslims, Pagans and even agnostics and atheists have been living in Europe for hundreds of years too…So the answer would be probably no…

  49. Gianfranco Gattini

    since Hannibal times europe suffered the invasion of primitive culture from the northafrican tribes almost pirates and people who considered slavery and women source of gain and pleasures..after Karl der grosse Carolus rex the christian identity of europe whas beginning our common european christian culture…t

    • Martin Green

      I take it you were married at a registry office. Get rid of all or leave alone

    • Tina Lythe

      I was I stopped believing in fairytales when I was 7 get rid of all religions as they are all as bad as each other

    • Riccardo Tognettini

      That is not correct. Since the early Middle Ages Europe was mainly Christian, in its denominations, until well into the 20th century. Of course it incorporated things from other religions including Judaism and pagan beliefs, but between say 800 AD and the 1950s Christianity was the dominant religion of the continent. And the philosophers were all within that mound until well in the 1600s. You may not like it but to deny it is to deny history. You don’t have to be religious to acknowledge the historical facts.

    • Carmelita Caruana

      What is your definition of Europe? I believe you are leaving large parts of it out.

    • Nando Aidos

      When do you start acknowledging the influences that created what we call Europe? In the middle ages? Then you are leaving more that a few centuries out of your definition of history.

  50. Nando Aidos

    Come on! Is this s trick question? Or a divisive question?
    If you go through history you will find druids, witches, Norse gods, Roman gods, Islam, Judaism, philosophers of all languages, Christianity, in all its good and horrible incarnations (Inquisition comes to mind) and almost everything else.
    All have contributed to the set of values, of social values and traditions, forget religion (Xmas is based on a pagan ritual), that have guided society throughout history. THAT is what the continent is about! Religion is just one component, often a divisive one, if not criminal at times.
    Let’s talk about THAT European continent, shall we?

  51. Umberto Angrisani

    Raise the question is in itself ridiculous? There is no debate. It is only necessary to explain what Europe is.

  52. Nick Aes Sídhe

    well Europe is not a continent for starters, Eurasia is.

    Secondly the question wheter Europe is christian or not has very little to do with the awnser and everything with those who ask the question. You could ask is Europe a democratic continent. A gay friendly continent and so on. To me such questions do nothing but comfirm opinions and allow cheap political profilation.

    But to be fair to the question maker; between 1000 and 1900 Europe was a christian dominated continent with a lot of minorities existing within it’s borders. not before 1000 AD because regions such as scandinavia, the Baltic, russia and hungarian basin were pagan and Iberia was Islam dominated. Up until 1900 because afterwards the power and influence of christian churches over politics and society started to decline losing its dominant position.

  53. nando

    Come on! Is this s trick question? Or a divisive question?
    If you go through history you will find druids, witches, Norse gods, Roman gods, Islam, philosophers of all languages, Christianity, in all its good and horrible incarnations (Inquisition comes to mind) and almost everything else.
    All have contributed to the set of values, to the set of social values and traditions, forget religion (Xmas is based on a pagan ritual), that have guided society throughout history. THAT is what the continent is about! Religion is just one component, often a divisive one, if not criminal at times.
    Let’s talk about THAT European continent, shall we?

  54. Davide Nicoła

    Look around you.

    Art and architecture of the past will tell you if Europe has christian roots or not.

  55. Pierre de Cœur

    Actually what distinguishes Europe is not its religion but how its power was limited and controlled by the Enlightenment, something that never happened in Muslim countries for instance. What put us apart is that here religion has lost its fight against secularisation and reason has trumped faith. Thanks to that we have the highest proportion of unbelievers in the world.

  56. Karolina

    Yes, it is. Quite a few countries have crosses on their flags and in the UK the head of state also is the head of the church.

  57. Karolina

    Religion is being replaced by belief in conspiracy theories. Without any hard evidence or facts. Just based on belief.

  58. Rock The Revolutionary

    Unfortunately run by Zionists, and their Protestant buddy’s ….The “serpent” of Zionism will “unravel” once and for all from this world. The global banking system, which is the “trunk”, will become pieces. The Rothschilds, the Rockefellers, the Soros, the Buffett and all the “garbage” of Gypsy, conspiracy and usury will die poor, “squeaking” in a very inhospitable corner of this planet. They will leave from this world as absolute expressions of dirt, the scum and sin …

    … The “trash” of usury, which have ravaged the peoples … The “monsters” of greed,have not left even Israel itself outside their miseries.

  59. Guillermo De Miguel Bielsa

    Definitely, but we left religion to a more secondary side after centuries of a Church ruled society, it makes us big to move forward a religion based way of living to a human/secular based one, but if we forget or try to fight or regret our past we are definitely doomed, because Christianism is and will always be part of Europe, either in our life or in history books

  60. Dina Clark

    What is IMPORTENT is that the routes and values wich are Christian continue to be practice in the European community…labels and statistics usually are meaninglesssss……

  61. Marios Tsamandouras

    Not at all. Europe is a POLYTHEISTIC continent. There is only one connection between European people. Our COMMON prechristian traditions of Greek-roman Nordic Celtic Slavic etc pantheon and democracy. Enough with the monotheistic bigotry and intollerance. Enough with the hate to the Civilization of the Abrahamists. From Arcadia to the stone fields of Inisheer there is one polytheistic identity.

    • Argyro Drikakis

      That’s Your next stop “”file”” is enforced Islamism!!! Hopefully and fortunately at that time You won’t be able to express Your opinions!!!

    • Katerina Mpakirtzi

      Christianism is not a religion for orthodox neoplatonians but a way of living. A society without murders thiefs stupids that lives together dancing celebrate and gives love on the other. You care about dogma not about meaning in your life. Nobody goes to church so they dont communicate… became aplisti (άπληστοι Υλιστες)Ylists. Islam is religion. Is nationalism. Is Racism between humans. The other is not God face but memper of fanatic community that have no laws or expression except what leaders said to them. There are also intelligent muslims with high level of spirit (Neoplaton and Theology)but they ignore them. Even Europeans ignore their… Fathers.God dies because we kill him and we kill ourselves.God is one. Christianity was the Ecumenical union of all of us to Stop kill eachother. Differences was the reasons to murder eachother.

  62. Ermete Trismegisto

    Ovviamente la questione è molto più complessa, ma non riconoscere l’importanza del cristianesimo nello sviluppo della cultura europea è da folli. Saluti neoplatonici ;)

  63. Alex Favros

    All religion is the root of all evil, racism, homophobia, mysogyny and the list is endless!

  64. Maev Gallagher

    The baggage Europe has been dragging along is Greco-Roman & Christian (of whatever brand). Plato, Aristotle, Julius Caesar & Jesus Christ can’t be wiped off the blackboard as their contribution to European DNA is there to stay, whether one likes it or not.

  65. Maev Gallagher

    The baggage Europe has been dragging along is Greco-Roman & Christian (of whatever brand). Plato, Aristotle, Julius Caesar & Jesus Christ can’t be wiped off the blackboard as their contribution to European DNA is there to stay, whether one likes it or not.

  66. Alfredo Coelho

    Built on christian and jewish values. If it was built on islamic values, Europe was simply a desert.

  67. Enric Mestres Girbal

    Christianity has given Europe a deep and thik foundation all through the centuries. Unfortunatly now many parties from the leftwing progressive arc tend to wipe it off, favoring invading religions. Europe is sliding down to nothingess…RIP.

    • James Block

      Or not favouring religion at all, as it should be.

      It is absolutely nothing to do with left or right, but human development. Religion is no longer necessary for humanity to advance, and in many cases holds us back.

      All of the most backward nations on earth are those which most strongly practise religion.

    • Enric Mestres Girbal

      With religion you learn ethics and morals and, although some times the leaders ignore them, they are the base of humanity. Have you ever considered that the poor comunities are the happiest in the ignorance of some “occidental” advances?.

    • James Block

      Islam isn’t a “pagan” religion

    • Tim Nick Knight

      James Block NO, its the INDIGENOUS religions. Christianity is another Middle East import sorry to tell you.

    • Zille Vuk

      James Block yess it is and is justifing the terrorism upon other religions!! Islam is a danger for free world !!

  68. Giuseppe Passanante

    We should ask the opposite question: is Christianity European? The number of the faithful is probably on the rise, but not in Europe.

  69. Stephanie Smulders

    I believe that it is too simplistic to say that Europe is a Christian continent. Surely they are deeply intertwined. Christianity was a tool to unify the continent against the ‘Other’ and it has influenced the European culture immensely. However, Christianity is not the only thing that has shaped Europe. Ancient Greece and Rome, the renaissance, the dual revolution (among other things) have left there mark on the continent too. Besides that Europe has progressed and is becoming more and more secular and multi-cultural, therefor I feel that you can’t say it is a Christian continent. Christianity is a part of the European identity, it’s not synonymous with Europe.

  70. Argyro Drikakis

    OF COURSE IT IS!!! WELL GREECE IS!!! THAT’S WHY THE SNAKES ARE AGAINST US AND WE WILL ALWAYS BE CHRISTIANS WHETHER IT IS WANTED OR NOT!!!

    • Katerina Mpakirtzi

      There are against Byzantine that makes all of them(started with Rome)one ecumenical faith with Greek civilitation. But they love only money banks and to make depths with our blood. Spirit sciences books are not Yli… material to consume. They hate us because they cant accept us as their political theological filoshophical base. Only..money is the power for them

  71. Blaz Bostjancic

    No it started with paganism, covertes in to compulsory christianity, and now it is a continent of seculiar states.

  72. Nikos Voudouris

    Welp nothing in this world is 100% something… Europe is not a christian continent , the middle east is not a muslim continent and asia is not a huge clusterfuck that i cannot describe in a comment because we speak for a huge fractued area etc… Still what are we supposed to undestant from this ? these kinds of statistics almost always fall short when the future comes… i mean Pew instute isnt considering the fertility rates ? when africa will “hopefully” become like the west in development by 2050 fertility rates will go down… plus this particular article exists only to exist without contributing anything new nor sparkling any debate.

  73. Tayeb Habib

    Neither is only Christian nor it is a whites only
    (Caucasian) continent. Islam has been in Europe since 7th century. Jews have been in Europe since last stages of Roman Empire. In fact original inhabitants of Iberian Peninsula came from North Africa. Finland has large original non white population.

  74. Gerard Mengual

    We might not be exactly sure about what we are but at least we know what we don’t want to be.

  75. Fernando Cruz

    Debating Europe you are using biased statistical values taking advantage of fact that many of us are mathematical illiterates. Around 1910 Europe’s population was 28% of the total world population and now it’s only about 12% of the total world population!

  76. Fernando Cruz

    Debating Europe you are using biased statistical values taking advantage of fact that many of us are almost illiterates in mathematics. Around 1910 Europe’s population was 28% of the total world population and now it’s only about 12% of the total world population!

  77. Riccardo Tognettini

    Simply, rubbish. From the 5th century to the end of 20th century, the religion of Europe has been Christianity, with a little Jewish presence and some sporadic Muslims. If you don’t like it, it is not less real.

  78. João Cruz

    No, it’s not a «Christian continent», Christianity was a dominant religious force for some centuries, but no more, European nations are secular and don’t have a common religious denominator or an official creed, the religious environment is largely free and plural. As for the «European identity», I guess Christianity is as much important as it is to any other place on earth with a Christian heritage, yes, it is important, as are many other sources of ideas and traditions, such as ancient Greece, Rome, the Enlightenment, Marxism, LIberalism, etc.. A melting pot.

  79. João Cruz

    No, it’s not a «Christian continent», Christianity was a dominant religious force for some centuries, but no more, European nations are secular and don’t have a common religious denominator or an official creed, the religious environment is largely free and plural. As for the «European identity», I guess Christianity is as much important as it is to any other place on earth with a Christian heritage, yes, it is important, as are many other sources of ideas and traditions, such as ancient Greece, Rome, the Enlightenment, Marxism, LIberalism, etc.. A melting pot.

  80. Katerina Mpakirtzi

    Christianism is not a religion for orthodox neoplatonians but a way of living. A society without murders thiefs stupids that lives together dancing celebrate and gives love on the other. You care about dogma not about meaning in your life. Nobody goes to church so they dont communicate… became aplisti (άπληστοι Υλιστες)Ylists. Islam is religion. Is nationalism. Is Racism between humans. The other is not God face but memper of fanatic community that have no laws or expression except what leaders said to them. There are also intelligent muslims with high level of spirit (Neoplaton and Theology)but they ignore them. Even Europeans ignore their… Fathers.God dies because we kill him and we kill ourselves.God is one. Christianity was the Ecumenical union of all of us to Stop kill eachother. Differences was the reasons to murder eachother.

  81. Δημήτρης Κεραμυδάς

    Europe as a concept is much older than christianity itself Christianity as a a matter pf fact like any other religion or belief usually creates disagreements and separates people contrary to the main idea of europe which after 1945 is unification at any cost Because the alternative will only create a blooded repetition pf the past War Hunger etc My humble opinion

  82. Yannick Cornet

    No we are over the worse of that mostly, and luckily so. Rationality, pragmatism, and freedom of belief (be and let bet, or in other words, open-mindedness) define Europe more than Christianity. We do keep the architectural baggage, but most churches in my neighbourhood have become less godly and more socially oriented, which is also good. In other words: Europe is great.

  83. Siva Nesan Jesu

    Yes dear, but with Islam dominating the Christian population in the interim as “DHIMMIS” very soon to be coerced into conversion. No church has protested, and R.C approves it! Read my blogs in my Timeline.

  84. Manny Tiliakos

    YES!!! The church and its priests may be watered down to appease the invasion of Muslims along with the traitorous liberals and feminists but that doesn’t mean that Christ and the Church aren’t real !!!

  85. Nick Coulson

    Depends how you define the concept. Is it still full of faithful Church goers. No. What is European Christianity anyway. Well much of it is adapted from older religions before it. Many of the Feasts and festivals were adopted as Christian ones. A process that started with the Romans and their conquests of adopting and accommodating the customs of its people’s. However without doubt we are nominally Christian as our law, concepts of law, social norms and attitudes are firmly rooted in an age when Christianity was the main driver in our societies. We can discard the religious practice if we wish. But the legacy is less easy to discard. Mainly because much of that legacy is benign and useful. As far as influence of people coming into a country with alternative religions. If any thing beyond the first generation, like many Christians have people tend to become more secular if maintaining any religious affiliation at all. The temptation to conform forces religion into the back ground.

  86. Diego S. Albéniz

    Article for retarders.
    European Culture is completely based on Christian values. Don’t care if you like it or not.
    Read some history. Please.

  87. Dino Boy Mican

    Europe is mostly secular. In most countries Christianity and the other faiths is not dominant, there is no single state church and an array of Christian denominations attract the few faithful. Secular institutions are strong and there is a sense of justice which is guarranteed through these secular institutions. All this was achieved through struggles. Let’s nor ruin it.

  88. Dino Boy Mican

    Southern Europeans are God loving and God fearing due to how their society functions with its many imperfections. Their recent history -characterised by bad governance and oppression (be it from invaders or from local military)- is also to blame. Turbulance brings insecurity. Insecurity leads you to God

  89. Diego S. Albéniz

    THIS COMMENT HAS BEEN REMOVED BY MODERATORS FOR BREACHING OUR CODE OF CONDUCT. REPLIES MAY ALSO BE REMOVED.

    • Sue R

      Agree!

    • Ivan Enchev

      maybe you should drop the last one. And should not forget we might have been much more if it wasn’t for the Catholic church and the Inquisition.

  90. Urkreator

    The European civilisation – because this is what Europe is, a civilisation, just like China or India – rests on two pillars: one is the Judeo-Christian pillar (cf all the comments above), but the other, prior one, which is as important, and in my opinion, more important is the Greco-Roman pillar.

    Think of all the things we owe to the Greeks and the Romans in our different European cultures: our writing systems (Greek, Latin and Cyrillic), our philosophy was born with Socrates, Plato, Aristotle. Democracy was invented by the Greeks, not by the Christians. Think of all our arts and sciences: they all have a Greek or Latin name, because most of them were invented by the Greeks or the Romans (mathematics, physics, geography, history, music, theatre, literature, poetry, architecture…only chemistry – al kimiya -, and algebra are Arabic words). Even for the most modern sciences, we feel obliged to give them Greek or Latin names: astro-physics, stomatology, otorhinolaryngology…

    This being said, the Judeo-Christian pillar has also played an essential part in our cultures: churches and cathedrals that can still be admired today: the first pieces of classical painting and sculpture (Giotto, Bosch, Michelangelo…) of classical music (Bach…) were religious…
    There is no doubt that christianity has also influenced the European way of thinking: the Christian doctrine of universal love combined with Greek philosophy has given birth to humanism which is an essential European value (human rights), hence all the political movements aimed at liberating humans from tyranny.

    But religion – whichever it is – can no longer rule a free society as it did in the Middle Ages. Today everybody is free to choose the religion he likes: Christianity, Islam, Judaism, Buddhism, Hinduism, Polytheism… or no religion at all: atheism, agnosticism… religion is a matter of personal belief: it cannot be imposed on the others: that would lead to fanaticism as it always did in the past.

  91. Ivan Enchev

    We are living in 21 century, religion in any form can’t coexist with democracy and personal liberties. Everyone should be free to practice his religion, but only in his house or the temples of his religion and government should be secular from the Church otherwise equality can’t exist.

  92. Kelly Emilie Finger

    Obviously jewish and christian roots that are indelible. Nowadays there is a diversity that should make Europe strength but no one wants to see it, as the two extreme ways of thinking the world is dividing, while the solution is right beneath our eyes… At the end the legitimate ways of seeing the world today are causing the same problems. Hope we’ll step out from this mess quickly. At least we have ancient roots that are not an absolute chaos.

  93. eusebiomanuelvestiaspecurto

    I love ALDE PORTUGESA

  94. Vatimbella

    Europe has a big European legacy, but let’s not forget our Hellenic/Roman legacy.

  95. Vatimbella

    Europe has a big Christian legacy, but let’s not forget our Hellenic/Roman legacy.

  96. Jurre

    ’m getting really tired and wearisome of this debate. First and foremost: Whenever a religion starts claiming space, things tend to go horribly wrong. You see, people, cultures and religions come and go, continents don’t. So stop trying to legitimize some sort of Christian Lebensraum.
    Second to all those that claim our European values and cultures are Christian/Judeo Christian or whatever you are simultaneously historically incorrect, blissfully ignorant and a giant hypocrite. Europe is, and almost always has been a multicultural continent influenced by many peoples, many religions and many cultures. As before mentioned much of our philosophical and scientific thinking was inherited from the Greeks. Mathematics, poetry, medicine and much more came from the Islamic world. Many of our holidays stemmed from pagan festivities, eagerly adapted by Christians conquering new spaces. If you truly want to see the Europe during the ‘Purely/Dominant Christian’ (Even then it wasn’t) times we’d have to go back before the enlightenment period: The Dark Ages. Back then we were the absolute backwater of the world whereas the Middle-East and Asia were by far the most advanced. Back when in the ‘Islamic World’ tolerance was quite widely practiced and pretty much every scientific progression was made there. In Christian Europe the Christians relentlessly persecuted fellow Christians, ‘heretics’, non-believers, gays, ‘witches’, scientists whose experiments could contradict the content of the bible (or any interpretation), the Christians happily conquered new lands and slaughtered or force-converted the local people ‘In the name of Christ’, when Europeans readily sold slaves (Yes Europeans as slaves) to the middle east. In fact Western Europe only became ‘Civilization’ (If you can ever perceive it as such) after the renaissance and the enlightenment period after the rediscovery of Greek/Roman AND middle-eastern philosophies and sciences.
    So, there’s no basis at all to claim the following: Europe is a Christian continent, our values are solely Christian, all Christian values are modern day values, everything Islam is bad. Period.

    • Aaron

      Nothing come from the “islamic age” we did get ‘some’ maths from the arab world BUT before its was muslim and regressed! Islam has given the world absolutely NOTHING!

  97. Lino Bonnici

    Yes of course Europe was and still a Christian majority continent , but that is not an

    excuse for us to refuse any other religion which is coming to share space with us ,

    as it against the truly Christian teachers and values.

    • Aaron

      Just no! Would islam let Christianity share some of Saudi Arabia??

      No islam in Europe period!

  98. James Block

    Tim Nick Knight , I never said anything about Christianity, I’m not a fucking Christian. I just misread your comment, and have no idea what I read it as…

  99. James Block

    Zille, Islam is one of the 3 main (Abrahamic) religions, paganism is traditionally used to describe a religion other than the mayor world religions.

  100. Aaron

    It should remain Christian, or revert back to Odinism (asatru) the indigenous religion of Europe. Islam should be banned and made illegal in Europe.

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