Vladislav Kovalyov and Dmitry Konovalov, both 26, were recently sentenced to death and executed in Belarus. They were accused (in what critics label a “rigged trial”) of a bombing in the Minsk metro in April last year in which 15 people died and 300 were injured. Belarus, which was defined by former US secretary of state Condoleezza Rice as the “last dictatorship in Europe”, is the only European country that continues to use the death penalty. The European Union and human rights groups have strongly condemned the execution. Furthermore, rights activists claim that around 400 people have been executed in Belarus since the 1991 Soviet collapse. How should Europe respond to this? Is it the sovereign right of states to execute their citizens, or should the EU more strongly support anti-death penalty campaigns?